Geography of KulluKullu is famous as one of the best known hill stations of India. Its plentiful apple orchards, unique local culture and sports opportunities make it one of the most sought after summer destinations. Did you know that Kullu was shielded away from the rest of the mankind till the post independence era in India? The unique geographical position of Kullu is responsible for the development of the traditional Buddhist-Hindu spiritual culture of the place.
The geography and climatic conditions of Kullu has always been a popularly studied subject because of its unique aspects.
Elevation and Terrain Features of KulluThe town of Kullu lies at an average elevation of 1278 m from the mighty river Beas. From the Beas flows a tributary named Sarvari which is responsible for fertilizing Lug valley. Kullu is flanked from all sides by important geographical landmarks.
East of KulluThe temple of Bijli Mahadev is situated here. Hundreds of devotees of lord Shiva flock to this temple to worship and offer prayers. The twin temples of Monty Nag and Pueed also lie to the east of Kullu. Outside the edge of Kullu there is a valley known as Manikaran which flanks the river Parvati. Parvati and Beas rivers later meet at their sangam (conjugal point) in Bhuntar.
South of KulluBeyond the borders of these rivers lies the valley of Anni, Banjar and Siraj valley. The Mandi district is another area which lies near this point.
North of KulluThere are many famous hill stations of Himachal Pradesh which lie north of Kullu valley. Beyond the towns there is the famous and deep Rohtang pass which later leads on to the Lahaul valley and the Sipti vallery.
West Area of AccessThe only route of access to the valley of Kullu was through Shimla and the famous Siraj valley. The western passes lead to Jogindernagar and then Kangra, both of which places are famous in their own right.
Climatic Features of KulluKullu weather is beautiful the whole year through. The months of December and January are the coldest with temperatures dipping to 4 Degree and even sub zero at times. Snowfall can be expected in these months. The highest temperatures exist between May and August i.e. between 25 degrees centigrade and 37 degree centigrade. The months of July and august see a lot of rainfall (average flow being 15 cm monthly). Climate is at its pleasantest in October and November.
Winter in KulluKullu sees a lot of snowfall during the winters. The entire landscape turns white and if you love snowflakes then this is the best time for you to indulge in the wintry charms of the valley. There are a lot of winter sporting activities in Kullu at this time like snow skiing, skating, snow racing and snow man building. You will see tourists lighting bonfires and enjoying themselves by grilling meat and veggies in barbeques at various points. For the adventurous tourist, Kullu offers a lot of options.
Summer in KulluKullu weather in the summer can be summed up in one word: delightful. A gradual increase in day temperature can be noted and blossoms can be seen on the bare arms of trees. In the months of April-May-June the trees are weighed down by their luscious burden of apples, cherries, apricots, plums, peaches and pairs. The lovely white and pink Quagmire is a fruit which is typical to the Kullu valley and it is found typically in the summers.
Though daytime temperature is pleasant between 15 to 20 degrees, you can require light woolen clothes in the evening. This is peak season in Kullu.
Monsoon in KulluIf you love greenery and an avid nature lover then try and visit Kullu valley in the monsoon. You may have to carry a sturdy umbrella and a dependable raincoat but the trouble is totally worth it. The best of the exotic greenery and rich blooms in Kullu can be seen during this season. Right after Monsoon comes autumn when the famous week long Dusshera in Kullu valley starts. The sky is a clear azulean blue and there are miles of greenery in the valley in this season.
Flora of KulluAs much as 70% of the land area in Kullu is covered with fresh vegetation. The southern parts of Kullu have a profusion of Shisham, sal, pine and broad shiny leaved trees. There is another range of oaks, blue pines and fir trees in Kullu. If you hike up to the mountains you will find sturdy mountain trees with firm tangled roots. These are alders and birches.
The most prominent and beautiful plant in Kullu valley is the Rhodendron. This beautiful yet tough plant plays a central role in the ecosystem of Kullu. It attracts insects and then birds and heavily aids in pollination. Rhodendrons are available in riot of colors from wild pine to red and canary yellow and they transform the Kullu valley into a riot of colours. In the summers and autumn you will find gladiolas, roses, fragrant chrysanthemums, lilies, tulips, gladiolas and carnations. Kullu valley is heavily into horticulture and natural life preservation as is evident from 32 sanctuaries and 2 national parks. Don’t forget to spot the Monal (state bird of Himachal) flying over the flowers in the beautiful Kullu valley.