Kais Wildlife SanctuaryWildlife Sanctuaries in India have diverse varieties of animals and birds. Apart from being the house of diverse fauna and flora, these wildlife sanctuaries also offer amazing landscapes to the visitors. Wildlife sanctuaries help in protecting the wildlife especially the endangered one so they do not become extinct species. North India is covered with dense jungles and a vast part of it is covered with mountains.
Quite a number of sanctuaries exist in the northern region of India and Himachal Pradesh State is the house of many wildlife sanctuaries, national parks and tiger reserves. Kullu Valley in Himachal Pradesh is not only known for its scintillating scenic beauty but is a favorite place for the nature lovers for being the house of diverse species of mammals and birds. Visitors get to see varieties of trees, plants and herbs too in this region. Kais Wildlife Sanctuary is famous as a large and high-altitude sanctuary of India. Here in this article you will get to know about Kais Wildlife Sanctuary in detail.
About Kais Wildlife SanctuaryKais Wildlife Sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh was notified as a protected place in the year 1954 February. The basic aim for declaring it as a sanctuary is to protect the then endangered species like Pheasants and Musk Deer. Kais sanctuary is one of the most beautiful sanctuaries of the state and it was developed into a sanctuary area based on the guidelines of an act of 1933- The Punjab Wild Birds and Animals Protect Act. Many parts of Himachal Pradesh were then part of Punjab.
History of Kais Wildlife SanctuaryBefore 1954, the sanctuary was non-existent because the need of conserving the wildlife and preventing poaching was not taken as a serious issue. As a result uncontrolled killing of animals and birds happened in the Kullu District. Unlimited hunting, poaching and human attacks led to the situation where extermination of certain species of animals was just a matter of few years. The local government then decided to enclose an area of this region and declare it as a sanctuary area so that endangered animals and birds could be protected.
Flora and Fauna of Kais Wildlife SanctuaryThe special wildlife attraction of Kais Wildlife Sanctuary is the Brown Bear and the Himalayan Black Bear. This hilly region is a favorite place for all types of bear. Apart from different types of bears, this area has huge numbers of Barking Deer, Musk Deer, Hyena, Himalayan Tahr, Snow Leopards, and Monals. Varieties of birds like Pheasants, Cheer, Peacock, Western Tragopan, Hornbill, Cheer etc. are also found in this area.
In this region, wide varieties of trees are available. The dense forest area is mainly made of Fir, Cheer, Deodar and Oak. Stretches of grass make this area an ideal pasture land for the herbivorous animals. Dense forest and lush green surrounding of this region make it an ideal habitat for the Musk Deer and bears thus helping in increasing their numbers in this sanctuary over the years. High altitude and the range of temperature of this region are ideal for growing of coniferous trees. Wonderful scenic beauty of this region makes this wildlife sanctuary a popular tourist spot as well.
Location of Kais Wildlife SanctuaryKais Wildlife Sanctuary is located about 16 km from Kullu City. A part of this sanctuary belongs to the catchment area of Kais Nala, which is an important tributary of Beas River. This vast sanctuary is spread over an area of 1420 hectares which includes Parvati Valley of district Kullu. The temperature range of this wildlife sanctuary ranges from 30°C during summers to -5°C during winters. The altitude range of this sanctuary is between 3000-4000 m.
How to Reach Kais Wildlife SanctuaryThe best time to visit this sanctuary is during summer months. To reach this sanctuary, the best approach is from Kullu Town. The nearest airport is Bhuntar(Kullu) and Shimla airport. Regular flights from Delhi are available to these airports (Jagson Airlines). It takes about about 1 and half hours to travel. Small aircrafts are also available for traveling. From the airport Bhuntar, the distance of the sanctuary is about 10 km.
The nearest railhead of this sanctuary is Jogindernagar which is about 100-125 km from Kullu. Regular buses and taxis ply from railway station and airport to Kullu Town. Kullu is also connected to major cities of north India through road so reaching at this sanctuary is not a problem.